How to Find Undervalued Stocks?

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Do you wish to find stocks, shares, or other securities in the stock market at a relatively different price from their “fair” value?

Definitely, your answer will be Yes! 

Who doesn’t want such a profitable opportunity to make extra profits? Of course, everyone…

So, let us give you such valuable information on how to find undervalued stocks.

So, are you ready for it? Let’s start, shall we?

What Are Undervalued Stocks?

But before jumping to the deeper information let’s first learn about what is undervalued stocks. 

Well, the undervalued stock is the one whose value or price is lower than the current or real value of the stock price. 

Doubt that why it can even happen?

It’s simple! Many stocks can undergo a lower price due to several reasons that can include the company’s growth, stock market crashes, the overall economy’s GDP condition, and the company’s appearance in the market. 

Don’t forget that although you hold good values for your customers and also offer impeccable products, bad publicity can also ruin your reputation. 

You might be thinking about which of these companies can be?

Surprisingly, there are many and some of these companies include Johnson & Johnson (cyanide- poison), Zomato (Outdoor Ad campaign), Cadbury (infestation), Samsung (overheating and exploding batteries), Nestle (lead in Maggi), and more. 

However, with the passage of time, the crisis has been handled very well by each one of them. 

But, currently, their stocks are undervalued or not. That’s the question as with time, the price, reputation, and product quality changes.

Currently, some of the companies who are offering lower value, in early 2021, are listed as below-

  • Kilpest India
  • N R Agarwal Inds
  • F A C T
  • Brightcom Group
  • Jindal Poly Film
  • GRM Overseas
  • PTC India

Also, you must remember that choosing the cheapest stock isn’t all about undervalued stocks. Rather, the key is to find quality stocks that are available at a fair price. 

Obviously, there is no profit in buying stocks that have a lower value, but there’s no hope in making a profit. Hence, it’s useless and time-wasting!

Therefore, a good investor chooses the right stock that can supply maximum profits in the coming future date, and obviously that’s why we are here to know how to find undervalued stocks. 

And do you know what Warren Buffett follows? Quite surprisingly, he follows a strategy to invest in the undervalued stocks that have the potential to rise over a period of time; that’s what most of the long-term investors follow to have a stress free trading.

Also Read: How to create a Portfolio like Warren Buffett?

Remember that your choice of finding or identifying these stocks must not be based on your personal point of view; instead, by following statistical technical analysis of the stock, and fundamental analysis you must look for the right stock of the right firm. 

Now, rather than putting a full stop here, it’s better to move forward and understand how to identify undervalued stocks specifically in India. 

How to Find Undervalued Stocks in India?

Usually, a major chunk of the investors doubts the question- how to find undervalued stocks in India. Do you also want to know that?

All right, let’s not wait for more and quickly learn how to identify undervalued stocks in simple ways. 

So, here are some of the points to be considered while finding these undervalued stocks. But, do you know what is actually required to find such stocks? 

To discover undervalued stocks, traders or investors use two different types of analysis, namely Technical and Fundamental analysis of stocks

The former is generally used to analyze the stocks and foresee price fluctuations by statistically utilizing technical outlines and insights. 

And the latter one is used as a technique for assessing the estimation of an asset by considering outer occasions and impacts, just as budget reports and industry patterns. 

By and large, investors should utilize the two techniques- Fundamental Analysis and Technical Analysis- together to discover undervalued stocks, as this will give the complete image of the market. 

There are a couple of essential ratios that structure part of the fundamental analysis that investors ought to consider in relation to the technical analysis. 

Through a fundamental and technical analysis, a trader or an investor can easily know and answer how to identify undervalued stocks. 

You know what, enough with the talking! Let’s discuss some of the ways or criteria to know how to find undervalued stocks in India. 

  • Cost to-profit ratio or Low Price(P/E) 
  • The ratio of Debt Equity (D/E) 
  • Return on Equity Ratio (ROE) 
  • Low Price or Earnings ratio
  • Free Cash Flow
  • High dividend ratio
  • The present or current market ratio
  • Low Price Earnings growth ratio (PEG) 
  • Price to book ratio, also known as P/B 

In the part underneath, we take a look at every one of these given ratios in detail. You must also remember that a “ good” ratio will change by industry or area, as they all have diverse serious weights. 

Let’s discuss them one by one in a more detailed way! 

1. Cost to Profit Ratio or Low Price(P/E) 

An organization’s P/E ratio is the most mainstream approach to quantify its worth. 

No conversation of stock costs would be finished without referring to quite possibly the most widely recognized, yet not generally the best, ratios of a stock’s relative worth- the cost to profit or price/earnings (P/E) ratios. 

Each organization has a Price / Earning ratio. The higher the P/E, the higher the cost of the stock or shares comparative with the income (profit).

Read Stock vs Shares and get your doubts regarding differences cleared.

While a generally low P/E proportion may demonstrate a purchasing opportunity, it’s critical to recall there is likely an explanation behind the low P/E. 

For instance, an organization may report high income, yet proficient investors who follow the business intently realize the organization isn’t telling every bit of relevant information. 

Therefore, the stock cost will stay low, and the P/E proportion will look engaging. These situations are uncommon, in any case, so you ought to be OK to depend on the P/E proportion to discover bargains.

A low price, cost to profit ratio or P/E ratio could mean the stocks are undervalued stocks. A P/E ratio is determined by dividing the cost per share by the profit per share.

The income per share is determined by separating the absolute organization benefit from the number of offers they’ve given. 

The formula to calculate Price / Earnings ratio is given as below-

P/E Ratio = Cost per share ÷ Profit per share

So, in this way, your first step of knowing how to find undervalued stocks begins! 

Here, let’s understand with the help of the P/E ratio example-

You purchase ABC shares at Rs. 260 per share cost and ABC has 10 million shares available for use and makes a profit of 100 million.

This implies the profit per share is Rs. 10 (100 million/10 million), and the P/E ratio rises to Rs. 26 (Rs.260 /Rs. 10). 

In this way, you’ll need to put Rs. 26 for each Rs. 1 in profit. 

2. The ratio of Debt Equity (D/E) 

Another way to know how to find undervalued stocks is D/Eor Debt Equity.

We bet you didn’t think to look at this ratio, did you?

Well, the D/E ratio measures an organization’s debts or dues against its assets. 

A higher ratio could imply that the organization gets the greater part of its financing from loaning, not from its investors – in any case, that doesn’t really imply that its stock is undervalued. 

To build up this, an organization’s D/E ratio or ratio of debt/equity ought to consistently be estimated against the normal for its competitors. That is on the grounds that a ‘great’ or ‘worst’ ratio relies upon the business. 

D/E proportion is determined by separating liabilities by investor’s equity i.e. 

The formula of Debt / Equity (D/E) ratio = Debts of a company ÷ A Shareholder equity

Let us summarise this with the help of a D/E ratio example:

ABC has Rs. 1 billion in debts or liabilities and shareholder equity of Rs. 500 million. The D/E or Debit Equity proportion would be 2 (Rs. 1 billion dividings by Rs. 500 million).

This implies there is  Rs. 2 of liability or debt for each Rs. 1 of equity.

3. Return on Equity Ratio(ROE)

ROE or Return on equity ratio is the percentage (%) that measures an organization’s productivity against its equity. 

ROE is determined by separating total net income by shareholder equity.

A higher ROE could imply that the shares are undervalued, in light of the fact that the organization is producing a great deal of income compared with the amount of shareholder equity.

So, now that question arises- How to calculate the ROE of a company?

Surely, the answer is simple and can be answered by a formula-

Return on Equity (ROE) = Total Net Income ÷ Shareholder Equity

No understanding will be complete without an example, so here is an example that helps you in gaining knowledge around the concept.

ABC has a net income (income ÷ liabilities) of Rs. 50 million and shareholder equity of Rs. 300 million. Hence, the ROE is equivalent to 16% ( Rs. 50 million ÷ Rs. 300 million). 

4. Low Price or Earnings ratio

The profit yield can be viewed as the P/E ratio backward. Rather than it being cost per share divided by income, it is the earnings per share divided by the cost. 

A few traders and investors believe stock to be undervalued if the earnings ratio is higher than the average interest rate the Indian government pays when borrowing money, which is known as the treasury ratio. 

To know how to find the undervalued stock in India with the help of an example, follow the example below-

ABC has earnings per share of Rs. 100 and the share price of the company is Rs. 500. The earnings ratio will be equivalent to 20% (Rs. 100 ÷ Rs. 500). 

However, there is no exact P/E value that helps in finding the undervalued stocks, but on the basis of analysis of different stocks, the share with the P/E ratio of 15 or less is considered to be cheap or undervalued. 

5. Free Cash Flow

Now, let’s know how to find undervalued stocks with the help of a cash flow summary.

Numerous investors and traders put less emphasis on confirmed profit or benefit and more on the amount of cash a company generates by simply measuring the money produced by the business after all costs are cleared. 

A stock that shows up less-priced on account of lower reported earnings might be an extraordinary deal in regards to the flow of cash. 

And, you can discover this from inside a screener or through your business firm by searching for the cash or share ratio. 

It very well may be interesting to perceive how two apples-to-apples organizations vary as far as cash on the books.

6. High Dividend Ratio

Bet you didn’t think to take a glimpse at the dividend ratios, did you? 

This sixth way mentioned here is quite simple to know how to find undervalued stocks. So let’s start, shall we?

The dividend ratio is a term used to depict an organization’s yearly profits – the part of profit paid out to investors – in comparison with its share cost. 

To figure the percentage rate, you divide the yearly profit by the current share cost. Investors and financial traders like organizations with a strong dividend ratio since it could mean greater steadiness and generous benefits. 

However, in the event that an organization’s dividend payment rate is greater than that of its rivals, this may show that the share cost has lowered to “undervalued” status (according to its dividend payment).

In the event that the organization isn’t monetarily grieved and future dividend payments seem secure, the profit opportunity can give returns in a short duration.

Also, in case you’re utilizing a stock screener, utilize the “dividend yield %” to discover undervalued stocks in a given industry.

So, if you wish to find out how to identify undervalued stocks, you can use the below formula:

High Yield Dividend= Profit per year ÷ Current cost of each share

Quickly have a look at the below example to understand the formula for Dividend yield or ratio:

XYZ delivers out profits of ₹25 per share each year. The current offer cost is ₹250, which implies the dividend yield is 10% (₹25/ ₹250).  

Now, how to know that the dividend yield is less or high? Or is this an undervalued stock or not?

To achieve the same let’s compare two different companies named ABC and MNO within the same industry niche. The former has a dividend yield of 2% while the latter has 4%.

Thus, we can clearly assume that ABC company stocks are cheaper or undervalued. Lastly, make sure you understand how to invest in dividend stocks as well.

7. The present or current company ratio 

An organization’s present company ratio is a measure of its capacity to take care of its debts or liabilities and pay them off sooner or later. 

Do you know the current ratio can be determined by dividing assets by total liabilities? 

For example, if a company named XYZ has around Rs. 1.2 billion of assets and Rs. 1 billion are its liabilities (debts), so the current ratio rises to 1.2 (Rs. 1.2 billion/ Rs. 1 billion) 

A current ratio lower than one regularly implies debts can’t be satisfactorily covered by the assets available in the company.

The lower the current ratio, the higher the probability that the stock cost will keep on dropping – even to its point of getting undervalued. 

8. Low Price Earnings Growth ratio (PEG) 

Price-Earnings Growth takes a look at the Price/Earnings ratio compared with the percentage growth in yearly income per share. On the off chance that an organization has a strong income and a low PEG ratio, it could imply that its stock is “ undervalued.” 

To calculate the Price Earnings Growth or PEG ratio, divide the P/E proportion by the growth development in yearly income per share.

 Price Earnings Growth Ratio = P/E ratio ÷ Growth Development

Understanding the same with the help of an example-

A company named XYZ’s P/E proportion is 5 (cost per share divided by income per share), and its yearly profit growth rate is 20%. The PEG proportion would be equivalent to 0.25 (5/20%). 

You must remember that the price /earnings growth (PEG) ratio is viewed as more precise than simply an organization’s P/E alone. 

If the ratio is under 1 (e.g., a P/E of 10 and projected development of 15%, giving us a PEG ratio of 0.66), financial investors and traders might be giving more weight to past execution than to future development openings.

And readers don’t forget that the price-earnings growth projection is only that, in any case: projections. 

9. Price to Book ratio, also known as P/B 

P/B proportion is used to evaluate the current market cost against the organization’s book value (deducting assets from liabilities and divided by the number of shares provided).

To determine the P/B value, divide the market cost per share by the book value per share.  Further, the stock could be undervalued if the P/B ratio is lower than one. 

Do you wonder how it works? 

Let’s make the process easy by learning through an example- 

The shares of XYZ company are selling for Rs. 140 (cost of each share), and its book price is Rs. 220, which implies the P/B proportion is 0.63 (Rs. 140/Rs. 220)

The key is to understand the genuine value of both physical assets such as land, structures, money, etc., and non-physical assets that include goodwill, licensed property, etc. 

For instance, an organization that produces and sells toys may likewise claim the property. The total value of the property the organization possesses might be worth more than the toy business it works. Surprising, right?

But, many investors may disregard this, and the cost of stock won’t reflect the underlying estimation of assets the toy organization has on the books.

So, these were the nine different ways in which you can easily find undervalued stocks. 

Closing Thoughts

These different ways aren’t limited; rather, there are other ways too that can help to decide whether a stock is a decent worth or not.

No single way or measure can guarantee an investor that a potential investment is undervalued or not.

On the other chance, a few of these appear to be confirming a stock to be undervalued. However, you may have found a market inefficiency that is a profitable investment opportunity.

To trade effectively in the undervalued stocks, start by experiencing these nine indicators or measures sketched out above.

The fundamental point is to discover shares or stocks with ratios distinctive to the business standards or the industry conditions.

Keep in mind, while these ratios are valuable, they should just frame part of your essential investigation, specifically fundamental analysis.

This, thus, ought to be joined with intensive technical analysis for the available full market view.

Whenever you’ve recognized the undervalued stocks in the market that you need to trade in, you can have a glimpse of their costs through different exchanges or market watches too. 

The moment you decide to invest in these stocks, you could open a position when the ratios have deviated from industry standards and close your position when they have gotten back to the industry standards. 

In the event that you decide to invest in the stocks, consider whether the different ratios reflect a low purchasing cost or “undervalued” cost or not. 

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